Now available on Android and iTunes markets, QuotEd Reading Comprehension revolutionizes your critical reading skills. Each weekday, QuotEd releases a freshly crafted question to strengthen your reasoning abilities for the ACT, SAT, GMAT, LSAT, GRE, and any other standardized test’s reading comprehension section. Developed through QuotEd’s unparalleled research, we strengthen your testing proficiency in a progressive format that can accommodate even the busiest of schedules.

How QuotEd works

Standardized test reading comprehension involves 3 primary things: an understanding of the question and answer pairings, a familiarity with a variety of writing styles, and the ability to survive essay-length writing samples. QuotEd focuses your test preparation efforts by emphasizing the frequently neglected parts of tested reading comprehension: style changes and question and answer pairs. Through our fantastic quotes and crazy questions, QuotEd Reading Comprehension will have you testing like a pro!

QuotEd’s distinctive possibilities for your LSAT®, GMAT®, GRE®, SAT®, ACT®, TOEFL®, or other exam study include:

  • 1 brand new quotation and question each weekday.
  • Concise explanations of all answer choices.
  • Varying levels of difficulty, 1-5, to keep you on your toes.
  • Author and work for each of QuotEd’s captivating quotations.
  • Bank of quotations to memorize (pick 2 or 3!) for your exam essays or to look up for your admissions essays.
  • A 10-question quiz mode for when you have time for more than the daily question.

Unlike most “Question of the Day” apps and web posts, QuotEd provides access to all questions from previous days. This way, you can quiz yourself as long as you like if you want to catch up or have extra time to steadily improve your score. Further, because QuotEd focuses on your reading comprehension—something that sets QuotEd apart from other apps—your entire testing dexterity should improve (see: Why QuotEd Works). Since all standardized test questions are at least somewhat reading dependent, QuotEd will be your best partner in raising your scores.

While it may seem strange that a single app can address that many different tests (and it is unique), QuotEd has been constructed to build from the core of standardized testing. For example, both the LSAT and GMAT contain critical reasoning questions. Those questions find echoes and sometimes direct parallels in the SAT, ACT (more in its science section), and GRE’s reading sections. So when we construct a question designed to build “parallel reasoning,” that question cuts through the heart of what each test will do. When QuotEd offers a critical reading question, that question is designed to draw from you the precise thinking that will be necessary on test day. Because the difficulty and style of questions varies heavily on all of those tests (LSAT, ACT, TOEFL, et al.), we vary the difficulty of our own questions, while returning to thematic questions that appear regularly. With this cumulative instruction, you will be equipped to take apart any standardized test without having to worry as heavily about test-specific “tricks,” which tend to work until they don’t. QuotEd gives test-takers access to the reading comprehension section regardless of test because its instruction originates in shared elements between tests and emphasizes education beyond their limitations.

Why QuotEd works

QuotEd Reading Comprehension builds from an unparalleled combination of cutting edge educational research and Kreigh Knerr’s specialized research into standardized testing and critical thinking. After four years of developmental work with thousands of hours of research, experimentation, and successful trial runs, QuotEd launched in August 2012 to rave reviews and equally fantastic testing results.

The Supporting Research:

In a 2011 Stanford University paper entitled Understanding Language, Professors Lily Wong Fillmore and Charles J. Fillmore of University of California, Berkeley develop the importance of studying individual note-worthy sentences each day for English language learners of any background and developmental ability. Through these sentences (or quotations, as we might call them), all students are able to access the intricacies that academic and standardized test reading demand that students can comprehend. Further, Understanding Language suggests that:

Ordinarily, language learning happens when learners come into close and frequent contact with speakers of the target language, and efforts are made both by the learners and target language speakers to communicate by use of that language. But interactional opportunities with speakers are seldom if ever available for the learning of academic language. It is highly unlikely that students, even “mainstream” English speakers, will find conversation partners who are inclined to interact with them in such language.

Those preparing to comprehend the rigors of an SAT or GMAT must be ready to deal with the “informational density” that those reading comprehension passages will present. If there is no daily exposure to such density, or even infrequent exposure to intellectually intense texts, test-takers will find themselves at a loss as they attempt to read the impenetrable texts before them. Through QuotEd’s expansive use of quotations that come from complex yet engaging works, our users are exposed to such texts and are able to build their literacy. Our approach engages the position taken in the Stanford University paper and focuses it for our app’s users:

There is only one way to acquire the language of literacy, and that is through literacy itself. Why? Because the only place students are likely to encounter these structures and patterns is in the materials they read. And that is possible only if the texts they read in school are written in such language. Complex texts provide school-age learners reliable access to this language, and interacting with such texts allows them to discover how academic language works.

As students get accustomed to daily interaction with QuotEd’s exciting and challenging text, they will find themselves exposed to an integral element of the Fillmores’ research which suggests “At the heart of the strategy (which had many components) was a daily instructional session in which teachers led students in a discussion focused on a single sentence drawn from the text the class was working on.” Through QuotEd’s presentation of “informational density,” students are drawn into such sentences each day and instructed on how to navigate the difficulties and treasures they present. Rather than expect QuotEd’s ACT or GRE test-takers “to become literate with a curriculum bereft of meaningful linguistic or communicative material or purpose,” QuotEd Reading Comprehension transforms our test-preparers’ literacy by exposing them to useful and engaging quotes that they can incorporate into presentations, essays, and every day conversation.

College Board’s Take:

A 2012 conference hosted by ETS® subsidiary College Board®(makers of SAT®, AP®, et al.) highlights some of the precise research upon which QuotEd is based. As conference members discussed the necessity of rigor and the benefit of focusing on “juicy sentences,” a common theme emerged: “Language is an outcome of grappling with materials.” Because students are generally exposed to materials that require little intellectual grappling (e.g. Into the Wild) or find shortcuts to reading difficult texts (Sparknotes, anyone?), they are ill-prepared to demonstrate adequate literacy on standardized tests:

If children are not getting complex texts, because people don’t believe they can handle them, they never get any exposure to these forms and structures in language. They stay at or below the basic level of literacy.

QuotEd exposes its users to those forms and structures that standardized testing demands they can comprehend. Since QuotEd’s users learn to focus on intense, tiny quotations from major texts, they thrive when navigating the information density the SAT and GRE can present.

Knerr Learning Center’s “in-house” expertise:

Building upon Kreigh Knerr’s interdisciplinary studies in Classics, intellectual history, ethics, education, argumentation theory, and opera performance QuotEd Reading Comprehension combines the cutting-edge educational theory seen above with Knerr’s own forays into ancient and contemporary critical thinking research. After working with hundreds of students each year from over 20 different countries and researching and teaching 30 different standardized tests, Knerr realized that there had to be a medium through which his research could benefit more than the few hundred students he could individually teach each year. QuotEd Reading Comprehension was the result.

Knerr built on his own experience of using “juicy” quotations and uncovered extensive complimentary commentary and research along the way, including celebrated essayist Stanley Fish’s engaging book How to Write a Sentence and How to Read One (much more useful for exploring how to read a sentence than write one, it must be said). Then, Knerr combined that initial exploration with his own detailed analysis of standardized testing’s structure as a form of argumentation that builds on deductive, inductive, and defeasible logic (or reasoning, if you prefer). While the idea of using challenging texts and sentences with students is seeing renewed emphasis in educational research and literature—thus confirming Knerr’s own research in that area—few researchers evaluate the relationship between question and answer choice pairings. Strikingly, among those few, there is scant evaluation of those question and answer pairings in conjunction with any classical or contemporary argumentation theory, even though those pairings present a dialectical structure that is best examined as a form of argument. This oversight contributes heavily to many students’ struggles with standardized testing, simply because they perceive testing as an assessment of knowledge instead of recognizing that testing can be equally an assessment of reasoning within specific argumentative constraints.

By observing standardized tests through a neoclassical dialectic lens, QuotEd Reading Comprehension allows its students to grow in their understanding of assumptions, both internal and external, and qualifying labels. Students are able to enter into their own dialectic with the varied and provoking quotations. Thus, QuotEd teaches its students how to have a conversation with the text, questions, and answers in front of them, and how to recognize the role their own assumptions or inattentive reading can play in their performance on a standardized test.

Through QuotEd’s close approximation of the Knerr’s in-depth research into reading comprehension and how reading comprehension is evaluated in a standardized test’s format (two distinctly different things), and through QuotEd’s careful integration of Knerr’s analysis and instruction on the dialectic within question and answer choice pairings, our app is intended to deconstruct the difficulty of the LSAT, SAT, ACT, GRE, GMAT, TOEFL, et al. and allow QuotEd’s users to flourish in their reading comprehension and appreciation beyond the standardized testing world. Simply put, because of our specially designed answer choices, we teach our users how to comprehend the thorny interaction between questions and answer choices. In any standardized test, success on the easiest and hardest questions depends on the reader’s ability to navigate that thorny interplay. Give our app a whirl and let us know if you agree with the students, teachers, and professors who have embraced our app’s unrivaled assistance thus far!

And, as always here at QuotEd, “Discover what it takes to be quoted.” -The QuotEd Team

Contact QuotEd by email at QuotED@knerrtutoring.com!